Elon Musk, the founder of SpaceX, a US space exploration technology business, aims to send humans to Mars to settle in order to assist humans in becoming "multi-planetary species" and therefore preserving mankind. Civilization. This, however, may result in a sequence of undesirable mutations, such as green skin, weak bones, and poor eyesight, in infants born on Mars.
Experts warn that the danger of colonizing Mars extends beyond a perilous 225 million-kilometer space flight. Human pioneers must also suffer the most inhumane living circumstances possible. The progeny of Martian settlers, on the other hand, will be subjected to the most severe mutations. According to Scott Solomon, a biologist at Rice University in the United States, these mutations will occur faster than on Earth due to severe changes in lifestyle, gravity, and radiation.
Mars is smaller than Earth, and its gravity is only 38% that of Earth; second, it lacks a global magnetic field, a thick atmosphere, and a protective ozone layer, making it more vulnerable to space radiation, ultraviolet rays, and charged particles from the sun. As well as the effect of cosmic rays. According to Solomon's book "Future Mankind," this will increase the likelihood of mutations in the DNA of humans who settle there.
According to Solomon, the settlers' skin tone may alter to assist them to cope with the impacts of radiation. This will result in darker skin tones, as well as colors we haven't seen previously. According to Solomon: "Perhaps, in the face of such high radiation, we will evolve a new skin pigment to assist us in coping. Perhaps we shall have green skin."
Solomon also believes that humans on Mars will be more likely to be nearsighted because they will only live in small settlements and will no longer need to see far away. He used cavefish, which live in deep pits, as an example. Their eyes have lost function since they no longer require vision. Other studies have found that children who spend more time indoors are more likely to be nearsighted.
But mutation isn't the only thing going on. According to Solomon, humans will likewise endure symptoms such as weak bones and muscle weakness. "Science fiction frequently portrays Martians or aliens from Mars as tall and skinny," he added. Women who have weak bones due to a lack of gravity may fracture their pelvis during childbirth.
Another study, conducted by scientists Eneko Axpe and Eric Appel, claimed that half of the humans who will travel to Mars will have osteoporosis. This disorder weakens the bones and makes them more prone to fracture. In reality, NASA scientists are attempting to understand the consequences of weightlessness in space on bone and muscle density.
Modern astronauts must exercise for approximately two hours every day in space, but this does not totally mitigate the detrimental consequences of weightlessness. Appel stated: "Many people are worried about the technological hurdles of traveling to Mars or the psychological challenges of living in space for 1,000 days, but they may not have considered the impact on bones and muscles. Can people deal with these issues? Or will they turn into squishy beings like jelly when they arrive?"
Simultaneously, Solomon argues that humans on this red planet will quickly lose their immune systems due to living in a sterile environment. This is due to the fact that settlers do not require a body capable of resisting bacterial invasion.
Solomon believes that Martian infants living in Musk's colony will begin to show symptoms of evolution within a generation or two. He stated: "The speed of evolution is determined by how big the benefit of possessing a particular mutation is. It would be a significant advantage if people living on Mars suddenly developed a mutation that gave them a 50% survival advantage. Right? This indicates that these people will pass on these genes far faster than others who do not have these genes."
Jeff Bezos, the creator of Amazon and the world's second-richest man, issued a strong warning to Musk and other billionaires interested in relocating to Mars. He stated: "Do any of my pals wish to relocate to Mars? Do me a favor and spend a year at the summit of Mount Everest to see whether you enjoy it since compared to Mars, this is simply a garden paradise."
Musk has long expressed his desire to colonize Mars. His goal is to create the first significant city on Mars by 2050. The current goal of SpaceX is to launch the first unmanned version of its massive interplanetary spacecraft to Mars in 2024. The billionaire still believes that the first humans will set foot on Mars by 2026. In his lifetime, he hopes to take approximately one million people to Mars.