A Russian reactor that converts medical waste into a gas used in fuel and construction


With the outbreak of the new Corona pandemic in the world, rates of medical waste related to personal protective equipment used by medical teams around the world have increased to help confront the Coronavirus pandemic, which may take hundreds of years to decompose naturally.

In contrast, scientists at the Novosibirsk Institute of Thermal Physics in Russia (the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences) devised a new way to address this crisis by making a device that converts medical waste into synthetic gas and phosphorous fertilizer that can be used in fuel and construction.

Vladimir Burmatov, chairman of the State Duma Committee on the Environment and its Protection, said according to Euro News, that about 12 to 15 million units of medical waste are produced every day in Russia alone, and work is underway to increase greater numbers of waste analyzes.

Pavel Domarev, a researcher at the Institute of Thermophysics, explained how the thermal plasma reactor works and is currently rotating 6 thousand masks per hour, saying that the thermal plasma treatment is done very quickly and at a high temperature causing chemical reactions, and the packed waste is placed in the central room. Where the temperature is about 1200-1400 degrees Celsius, and below this temperature, all the complex chemical elements are decomposed into simple substances and converted into synthesis gas for combustible fuel. The inorganic parts that have not been converted to gas enter the smelting chamber and generate high temperatures located above the melting chamber, and can reach 5 thousand degrees Celsius, which enables them to melt and benefit from everything, and all the inorganic parts that have not been converted. Into gas, transforming into inert fertilizer.

Video footage shown by Euro News showed part of the work of the Russian thermal reactor and the stages of converting medical waste into fuel. The research team is now working to increase the capacity of the reactor to enable it to process up to 150 kilograms of medical waste per hour.

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