China: Shanghai passed the first provincial-level local regulations in the field of Al

The 44th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 15th Shanghai Municipal People's Congress voted to pass the "Shanghai Regulations on Promoting the Development of the Artificial Intelligence Industry". The regulations, which take effect on October 1, are the first provincial-level local regulations in the field of artificial intelligence.


Yan Rui, director of the Legislative Affairs Committee of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress, said that the legislation is based on the basic positioning of the promotion law, focusing on innovation and leadership, giving full play to the role of an effective market and a promising government, and taking various incentive measures to promote the artificial intelligence industry. high-quality development. This is also Shanghai's second local regulation in the field of the digital economy after the "Shanghai Data Regulations", which will strongly support the city's comprehensive digital transformation and help build an artificial intelligence "Shanghai Highland" with international influence.


In addition to clarifying the specific responsibilities of governments at all levels and relevant departments in promoting the development of the artificial intelligence industry, the "Regulations" also clearly establish the "Municipal Artificial Intelligence Strategic Advisory Expert Committee", whose members will be experts from universities, scientific research institutions, enterprises, and other organizations. It is formed to provide consulting opinions for major strategies and major decisions in the development of the industry.


The "Regulations" also stipulate that the relevant municipal departments can formulate a list of minor illegal acts in the development of the artificial intelligence industry. Allowing trial and error will also make scientists' exploration in this field bolder and stimulate innovation.

The "Regulations" focus on increasing the source supply of artificial intelligence innovation, promoting open source sharing, and enhancing the ability of continuous innovation. For example, focus on the three basic elements of computing power, algorithms, and data, strengthen the planning of computing power infrastructure, promote the construction of public computing power resource platforms, and ensure that small and medium-sized enterprises can obtain inclusive public computing power; protection; highlight the construction of high-quality datasets in the field of artificial intelligence, and expand the scope of public data supply for the artificial intelligence industry.


At the same time, the "Regulations" clearly strengthen the research and development of basic theories and key common technologies, encourage cross-disciplinary research; promote the innovative development of relevant national laboratories and major scientific research platforms; promote the opening and sharing of large-scale scientific instruments and facilities in the field of artificial intelligence; promote scientific research projects Reform of project establishment and organizational management methods, and exploration of giving scientific researchers the ownership or long-term right to use scientific and technological achievements in the field of artificial intelligence.


The Regulations will also encourage the creation of "Shanghai Standards". According to the regulations, Shanghai will support the city's artificial intelligence enterprises and related industry organizations to play a leading role in the formulation of national standards, industry standards, and local standards for artificial intelligence. Among them, it is clear that those who meet the domestic leading and international advanced requirements can use the special logo of artificial intelligence "Shanghai Standard" on the standard text.


In addition, the "Regulations" also clarified the bottom line and ethical norms for the development of the artificial intelligence industry and made it clear that relevant subjects who carry out artificial intelligence research and development and application should abide by laws and regulations, enhance ethical awareness, and ensure the healthy and safe development of the artificial intelligence industry.

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