Chinese astronauts return to Earth after 90 days in space

The return trip of three Chinese astronauts launched Thursday to Earth, after a 90-day mission, in the context of the project to establish the Chinese space station. The "Shenzhou-12" mission, launched last June, ahead of the celebration of the centenary of the founding of the Chinese Communist Party, is of particular importance to the regime of President Xi Jinping. It is the longest mission carried out by Chinese astronauts, according to the agency responsible for manned flights. The astronauts are expected to return to Earth, tomorrow, Friday.


And specialized websites in this regard revealed that the crew will land in the Gobi Desert, close to the Jiuquan Space Center, from which it was launched on June 16. Thursday, the Chinese news agency reported that the vehicle separated from the Tiangong station, with which it had been docked three months ago, at 8:56 Beijing time (0.56 GMT). The previous mission carried out by Chinese astronauts in Earth's orbit dates back to late 2016. It was called "Shenzhou-11" and took 33 days.


During this last mission, the astronauts worked on establishing the foundations of the space station, which began work in April, and they made several flights around the facility. The Tianhe unit, which was placed in orbit on April 29, is the command center of the Tiangong Station (Heavenly Palace) and the residence of the astronauts. It is in low orbit at an altitude of between 350 and 390 km.


China had decided to establish its own manned space base after the United States refused to allow it to participate in the International Space Station. And the International Space Station, which brings together the United States, Russia, Canada, Europe, and Japan, will be withdrawn from service in 2024, even if the US Space Agency (NASA) has not ruled out extending its life beyond 2028.


When completed, Tiangong will have a mass of about 90 tons and is expected to operate for at least 10 years, according to the Chinese space agency. It would be much smaller than the International Space Station and similar to the Soviet Mir space station, which was launched in 1986 and decommissioned in 2001. The astronauts are expected to return to Earth Friday.


And specialized websites in this regard revealed that the crew will land in the Gobi Desert, close to the Jiuquan Space Center, from which it was launched on June 16.


Thursday, the Chinese news agency reported that the vehicle separated from the Tiangong station, with which it had been docked three months ago, at 8:56 Beijing time (0.56 GMT). The previous mission carried out by Chinese astronauts in Earth's orbit dates back to late 2016. It was called "Shenzhou-11" and took 33 days. During this last mission, the astronauts worked on establishing the foundations of the space station, which began work in April, and they made several flights around the facility.


The Tianhe unit, which was placed in orbit on April 29, is the command center of the Tiangong Station (Heavenly Palace) and the residence of the astronauts. It is in low orbit at an altitude of between 350 and 390 km. China had decided to establish its own manned space base after the United States refused to allow it to participate in the International Space Station.


And the International Space Station, which brings together the United States, Russia, Canada, Europe, and Japan, will be withdrawn from service in 2024, even if the US Space Agency (NASA) has not ruled out extending its life beyond 2028. When completed, Tiangong will have a mass of about 90 tons and is expected to operate for at least 10 years, according to the Chinese space agency.


It would be much smaller than the International Space Station and similar to the Soviet Mir space station, which was launched in 1986 and decommissioned in 2001. An additional 11 missions are planned over the next year and a half; To complete the construction of the Tiangong station in orbit, which includes the installation of solar panels and two laboratory units.


A long-term human presence in space would be an important leap in China's space program, which is overseen by the military. So far, China has managed to send humans into space and a probe to the moon, and a few months ago a robot belonging to it landed on Mars, in very important space achievement.

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