Researchers have warned that climate change may exacerbate the problem of space waste, which already poses a threat to future interplanetary travel, as there are more than 160 million pieces of space junk swimming in the Earth's orbit, with the number continuing to Altitude, and space waste, which could include defunct satellite debris and rocket pieces, is proving to be an increasingly prominent problem.
Moreover, with pieces of space garbage traveling at average speeds of 16,777 miles per hour (27,000 kilometers per hour), even the smallest pieces of debris, including paint chips, could be a big problem, and the researchers now said that climate change could It makes the situation worse.
Space junk is designed to burn in the density of the upper atmosphere, however, higher levels of carbon dioxide in the upper atmosphere lead to lower densities, and ultimately, the lower atmosphere has less ability to pull chunks of space junk.
This then leads to fewer objects returning to Earth and burning in the atmosphere and remaining in orbit, and a report issued by the European Space Agency last month stated that the amount of space waste in orbit could increase by 50 times by the year 2100.
Hugh Lewis, a space debris expert from the University of Southampton said, the numbers surprised us, there is real cause for concern. Experts previously warned that the increase in space debris, it would make it difficult for rockets to escape from Earth's orbit for fear of collision. With an object, it is known as Claeser syndrome.
Not only do they pose a threat to space travel, but technologies such as cell phones, television, GPS, and weather-related services depend on satellites, so a series of catastrophic crashes could pose a threat to our already over-reliance on satellites.
There are some plans to start removing pieces of space debris from Earth's orbit, as the European Space Agency signed a deal worth 75 million pounds ($ 102 million) with the start-up Swiss company, Clearspace, to extract a huge piece of space debris from orbit that posed a threat to satellite technology. .
This piece in question, known as Vespa, weighs 112 kilograms, was used to launch a satellite into space in 2013, and the European Space Agency and ClareSpace are planning to launch their mission in 2025.
The European Space Agency said, the Clearspace-1 mission will target Vespa, leaving this object in a phase-out orbit of approximately 801 km to 664 km, at an altitude of 664 km, in compliance with space debris mitigation regulations, after Vega's second flight in 2013. During nearly 60 years of space activities, more than 5,550 launches have resulted in about 42,000 tracked objects in orbit, of which about 23,000 are still in space and are being tracked regularly, with annual launch rates today that average nearly 100. And with the continuing occurrence of disintegrations at historical rates of four to five per year, the number of debris objects in space will increase steadily. Clearspace-1 will demonstrate the technical capacity and commercial capacity to significantly enhance the long-term sustainability of spaceflight.