Coffea stenophila, a kind of forgotten coffee that returns to the forefront

Scientists have rediscovered a forgotten type of coffee in Sierra Leone's dense tropical forests that had not appeared in the wild for decades, a plant they say could help secure the future of this important commodity that has been jeopardized by climate change.

The researchers said, on Monday, that the plant called Coffea stenophila has a greater tolerance to high temperatures than Arabica coffee, which accounts for 56% of global production, and Robusta coffee, which accounts for 43%.

They added that it turned out that Ben Steinophila had a strong flavor similar to Arabic coffee. Botanist Aaron Davies, who led the study published in the journal Nature Plants, said that stenophila was grown in parts of West Africa and exported to Europe until the early 20th century before its crop was abandoned, after the production of robusta coffee.

Indeed, many farmers across the world's coffee-growing belt suffer from the negative effects of climate change, which is a source of great concern among the billions of dollars in the coffee industry.

Deforestation also threatens more than half of the world's wild coffee species at risk of extinction, including popular types such as Arabica coffee (Arabica coffee) and Robusta coffee, as current protection measures for wild coffee species are not sufficient to protect them in the long term.

There are about 124 endangered coffee species that grow in tropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Indian Ocean islands, including Madagascar.

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