Do you know, this information about Space and its technology?

Updated: May 16

  • KUAFU Space Mission:- Launched by the Chinese in 2012, KuaFu will be the first space mission dedicated to the study of space weather observing, monitoring, and recording activity, particularly solar storms, from their inception at the Sun to their arrival at the Earth's atmosphere. KuaFu comprises three spacecraft, one of which will be permanently situated 1.5 million km (0.9 million miles) away, while the other two will orbit Earth to provide the first continuous imaging of space weather. The erratic behavior of the Sun leads to solar storms whose effects can wreak havoc on satellites and interfere to a dangerous degree with technology. Being able to accurately predict and monitor these storms will help to reduce their impact.

  • Asteroid Impact!:- Large asteroids with a diameter of 1 km (0.62 miles) are likely to collide with Earth once every 500,000 years and have the potential to cause extensive damage. Smaller asteroids with a diameter of 5-10 m (16-33 ft) enter the Earth's atmosphere roughly once a year, but frequently explode in the upper atmosphere and so fortunately do not cause much harm.

  • As the Solar System and Earth are at the outer edge of the Milky Way

  • Messier (M) numbers are named after French astronomer Charles Messier. (1730 - 1817) in 1781 compiled the first catalog of galaxies, nebulae, and star clusters. From 1888 onwards, these were replaced by New General Catalogue (NGC) numbers.

  • Stars are classified by type according to their spectra and the colors by which they appear when viewed with a spectroscope. These vary according to the star's surface temperature. Within these types, there are sub-types, with dwarfs generally hotter than giants.

  • The World's Largest Telescope:-

European Extremely Large Telescope
European Extremely Large Telescope

The European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT) is currently being designed and should be operational by 2025. The telescope's eye will be 42 m (138 ft) in diameter made up of 906 hexagonal segments and will gather 15 times more light than any of today's largest optical telescopes. It has an innovative design that includes advanced adaptive optics to correct for the Earth's turbulent atmosphere, giving exceptional image quality. It is likely to revolutionize our perception of the Universe.

  • Asteroids, also known as minor planets, but correctly (along with comets) now called small Solar System bodies are fragments of rock orbiting between Mars and Jupiter In 2006, Ceres was redesignated as a dwarf planet (bodies over 750 km/466 miles in diameter)along with Pluto and Eris, Up to 6 August 2009, some 217,627 asteroids had been identified but only 15,361 of them named.

  • The third planet from the Sun is Earth has formed roughly 4.5 billion years ago.

  • Mars, Iron oxide on its surface gives a reddish appearance.

  • Escape velocity is the speed a rocket has to attain upon launching to overcome the gravitational pull of the body it is leaving. The escape velocity of Moon is 2.38 km/s, Sun 617 km/s, Jupiter - 60.22 km/s, Saturn - 32 km/s, Neptune - 23.90 km/s, Uranus - 22.50 km/s, Earth - 11.18 km/s, Venus - 10.36 km/s, Mars - 5.03 km/s, Mercury - 4.25 km/s, pluto - 1.18 km/s.

  • The asteroid Sylvia is about 280 km (175 miles) in diameter and is orbited by two small moons.

  • Jupiter is composed of hydrogen and it is the largest planet.

  • Neptune is furthest from Sun and it is the fourth heaviest planet in the solar system.

  • Formerly Pluto is the ninth planet in the solar system but is now reclassified as a dwarf planet and Pluto is composed of rock and ice.

  • Saturn is surrounded by nine rings composed primarily of ice particles.

  • Halley's comet is visible from Earth with the naked eye and Halley's comet can be seen once 76 years.

  • Astronomical Units 1AU = mean distance from the Earth to the Sun (149,597,870 km/

  • 92,955,793 miles)

  • Andromeda galaxy:- The collision of two smaller galaxies formed Andromeda between five and nine billion years ago.

  • The first animal to be sent up in a rocket but not into space was Albert 1, a male rhesus monkey, in a US Air Force converted German V2 rocket in 1948 He and his successor. Albert 2, died during the tests, as did a monkey and mice in 1951 tests, but a monkey and 11 mice were recovered after a launch in a US Aerobee rocket on 20 September 1951. The earliest Soviet experiments with launching animals in shorts involved monkeys, dogs, rabbits, cats, and mice, most of which died as a result Laika, the first dog in space, went up in Sputnik 2 with no hope of coming down alive. Able and Baker, launched in a Jupiter missile, were the first animals to be recovered although Able died a few days later).

  • Space pioneers Laika is actually the name of the breed to which the dog named Kudryavka, a female Samoyed husky, belonged. Baker lived until 1984 after her safe return to Earth.

  • MOONWALKERS:- Six of the 11 US Apollo manned mission resulted in successful Moon landings (Apollo 13 was aborted after an oxygen tank exploded) During the last of these (Apollo 17, 7-19 December 1972), Eugene A. Cernan (b. 14 March 1934) and Harrison H. Schmitt (b. 3 July 1935) became the final astronauts to date to have walked on the surface of the Moon, both spending a total of 22:04 in EVA.

  • Farewell to the Moon:- Eugene Cernan was the last of only 12 men to have left their footprints on the lunar surface.

  • INTERNATIONAL STATION:- Completion of the International Space Station (ISS) is in 2012. This low Earth orbit research facility is the result of a collaboration between five space agencies of the USA, Russia, Japan, and China as well as the European Space Agency. Construction began in 1998 when the first two modules were launched and joined in space. Two years later, the first crews arrived and the ISS has been manned constantly since then, with astronauts and cosmonauts conducting experiments that will help with future space exploration.

  • MOST VISITED BY SPACECRAFT:- Arguably, Earth is the most visited body in the Solar System, with satellites constantly orbiting. With the exception of some visits to the Moon, all the visiting spacecraft were unmanned space probes known as flybys, landers, and orbiters. The US space probe Voyager 2, for instance, flew by Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune over a period of 12 years.

  • Venus:- Around 80% of the surface of Venus is made up of volcanic lava plains.

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