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Formula 1: the ten things to know about the cars of the 2022 season

The F1 presented the car for the 2022 season and announced it as a "revolution". Next, we will tell you what are the ten most important aspects of the car that promises more competitive races from next year.

Designed for greater parity

From the Maximum, they clarified first of all that the main objective of the new vehicle is "to promote better races". And what currently prevents more even Grand Prix at a certain point is, according to the engineers, the effect of the loss of downforce.

F1 research shows that cars in the category today lose 35 percent of their downforce when they race three cars behind the car in front (that's about 20 meters) and when they approach one car away. they lose 47 percent.

The 2022 car reduces head loss to just 4 percent at 20 meters and just 18 percent at ten meters.

Fins and covers for the wheels

Two of the most striking features of the 2022 car are the flaps on the front wheels, which make their full debut in the category, and the inner tire covers, which have not been seen on F1 vehicles since 2009.

The fins are intended to help control the wake coming off the front tires and away from the rear wing. That task was previously had by the vortices of the front wing, the winglets (as they are known in English) will perform it in a more effective way for greater aerodynamic resistance in close races.

New wheels

18-inch wheels with low-profile tires will be used in Formula 1 for the first time. Its mission will be to reduce overheating during landslides. In addition, they will reduce the deflection changes of the sidewall and the aerodynamic wake effect that occurs.

Redesigned front spoiler

The shape of the front wing of the F1 2022 will be totally new. Your job is to generate constant downforce by running close to another car and to ensure that the front wheel's wake is well controlled and directed downward in the least disruptive manner. That means not sending the wake outward, as in today's cars, nor letting it travel under the floor and be ingested by the diffuser, but directing it as far to the side as possible.

The ground effect

Since 2017, when this car began to be designed, the focus was on the ground effect to generate greater downforce and ensure tighter races. The 2022 model has underground tunnels that allow large quantities of cargo to be produced.

Redesigned rear spoiler

The category explained that while the rear wings on today's cars direct airflow upward, they are also designed to send airflow outward, leaving "dirty air" there for the next car to pass through. Instead, the shape and position of the 2022's rear wing create a rotating airflow that picks up the wake from the rear wheel and rolls it into the airflow exiting the diffuser, forming an invisible “mushroom” trail.

This narrower wake is then launched into the air thanks also to a steeper diffuser, allowing the car following it to move in less disturbed “clean air”.

The same engine

The power unit of the 2022 model will be exactly the same as that of the current season. We are talking about the 1.6-liter turbo-hybrid engine, "the most advanced and efficient on the planet" according to Formula 1. There will be some more components in the fuel system, as well as some additional sensors to allow the FIA ​​to control them better.

More efficient fuel

Next year's vehicles will use a less harmful fuel for the environment. In 2022, the proportion of bio components will increase by 10 percent. From the Maximum, they described it as an intermediate step, since it will have a practically zero carbon footprint.

Greater security

The chassis of the new car is capable of absorbing 48 percent more energy in a front impact and 15 percent in a rear impact.

In addition, taking as a parameter recent accidents (for example, that of Romain Grosjean in the Bahrain Grand Prix 2020), the cars were redesigned so that the engine separates from the chassis in the event of an impact and without exposing the fuel tank.

On the other hand, the nose of the car is now longer and can help dissipate energy better in a front collision. Of course, these and other improvements caused the vehicle to increase its weight by 5 percent.

The testing phase

Since the development of the car began, more than 7,500 real tests and simulations have been carried out. Throughout the process, a database with a weight of half a petabyte was created. It's the equivalent of a third of the 10 billion photos that are uploaded to Facebook.

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