Solar storm hits Earth
The Earth was hit by a solar storm on April 25, which the NOAA warning indicated is not expected to have a significant impact on daily life.
In fact, some people in these situations pack their bags, not to flee to safety, but to witness the beautiful result of this storm, which is the aurora borealis, or as it is known as the northern lights.
According to NASA, the northern lights are caused by the early arrival of coronal mass ejections (CME) flux, which includes the release of plasma and an associated magnetic field from the sun.
This could disturb the Earth's magnetosphere, but according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Space Weather Scale, this is set to be a mild to moderate geomagnetic storm.
Stronger storms can produce more serious disturbances such as large-scale voltage control problems, but milder examples have comparatively minor impacts.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said, the transient solar wind feature is expected to result in auroral displays that may be visible at night in higher latitudes under favorable sky conditions.
The sun expels energy in a solar flare, as the radiation travels through space and is likely to affect the Earth. Basically, radiation can sometimes interfere with communications, as the modern technology that humans rely on in the modern era is completely vulnerable to severe space weather.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said, as storms create beautiful polar auroras, navigation systems such as the Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) disrupt and create harmful geomagnetic currents (GICs) in the power grid and pipelines.
Geomagnetic storms happen when the solar wind exchanges energy with the space around Earth. When radiation from a large solar flare penetrates the ionosphere and other upper levels of our planet's atmosphere, these unique weather events can create auroras.
It takes four or five days for the radiation emitted by solar flares interacting with different parts of the Earth's atmosphere to arrive. Interactions with multiple elements cause different colors to appear in the sky. For example, nitrogen atoms tend to produce reddish light while oxygen produces more green light.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration issued an alert on April 26 stating that auroras caused by a geomagnetic storm may be visible from Michigan, Maine, and other areas in the northern United States. There are a total of five degrees of severity that the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration uses to describe geomagnetic events. The administration described the storm as light and does not expect any major disruptions.
While this storm has little impact on Earth, scientists have warned that a large, technology-disrupting solar storm could occur on average every 25 years, according to the Daily Star.