China succeeds in delivering its first spacecraft to the surface of Mars


China announced at dawn today, Saturday, the successful landing of the Tianwen-1 probe, which carries the first Chinese rover sent to Mars, on the surface of the Red Planet, and the Chinese National Space Administration said, in a statement, that the probe has successfully landed on the region Pre-set on the surface of Mars, stressing that this is the first time that China has landed a rover on Mars.

According to RT, China has thus become the second country after the United States to successfully connect a spacecraft to the Red Planet.

The Tianwen-1 probe was launched from Fenchan Space Airport on the island of Hainan in southern China on July 23, 2020, and the unmanned vehicle arrived in Mars orbit in February 2021 and worked within two months to study possible suitable places for landing.

The rover landed through the thin atmosphere of Utopia Planitia, the same 1976 NASA Viking 2 mission region, which went through seven minutes of terror during the landing.

Seven minutes of horror is used as a term to describe the turbulent conditions that hit the spacecraft as it entered the Martian atmosphere and approached the surface.

During this time, teams on Earth lose full contact with the spacecraft for 10 minutes, and the spacecraft takes off through the Martian atmosphere, moving at 12,000 mph, but then must slow down to a gentle landing within seven minutes.


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